All About Particles ~Live lesson version~

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Konnichiwa!
こんばんは!

Today’s YT Live lesson topic was “All About Particles ~Live lesson version~”.
Particle is one of the most concerned topics amongst Japanese learners.

In this lesson, I introduced several Japanese particles for the beginners.
Let’s check out the particles with the example sentences!

First of all, what are the particles?

  • Japanese particles, joshi or “tenioha”(てにをは)in Japanese
  • Suffixes or short words in Japanese grammar that immediately follow the modified noun, verb, adjective, or sentence.
  • Their grammatical range can indicate various meanings and functions, such as speaker affect and assertiveness.

は: Topic Marker

– pronounces “wa” but written “ha: は”
– interpret “〜は”= “as for~”

  • わたし かずえです。 
    Watashi wa Kazue desu.
    I’m Kazue (As for I, Kazue)

  • さとうさん がくせいです。
    Sato-san wa gakusee desu.
    Sato-san is a student. (As for Sato-san, student.)

  • きょう はれです。
    Kyoo wa hare desu.
    Today is sunny. (As for today, it’s sunny.)

を: Object Marker

– pronounces “o” but written “wo: を”
– this particle を appears just after the objet

  • ステーキ たべます。
    Suteeki o tabemasu.
    I eat stake
  • 日本語 べんきょうします。
    Nihongo o benkyooshimasu.
    I study Japanese.

が (1): “but”

  • ビールは すきです、ワインは きらいです。
    biiru wa suki desu ga, wain wa kirai desu.
    I like beer but I don’t like wine.

が(2): Subject marker

– For certain phrases, ”ga” is used.
– below are the phrases where”ga” is used.

  • 〜が あります
    ~ ga arimasu.
    e.g. hon ga arimasu. (There is a book.) – for inanimate object
  • 〜が います
    ~ ga imasu.
    e.g. otokonoko ga imasu. (There is a boy.) – for animate object.
  • 〜が すきです
    ~ ga suki desu
    e.g. keeki ga suki desu. (I like cake.)
  • 〜がじょうずです
    ~ ga jyoozu desu. 【good at about someone’s (not oneself)】
    e.g. kanojo wa tenisu ga joozu desu. (She is good at tennis.)
  • 〜がとくいです
    ~ ga tokui desu. 【good at about oneself /someone】
    e.g. ryoori ga tokui desu. (I’m good at cooking.)
  • 〜が わかります
    ~ ga wakarimasu.
    e.g. Nihongo ga wakarimasu. (I understand Japanese.)
  • せが たかいです
    Se ga takai desu.
    e.g. Maria-san wa se ga takai desu. (Maria-san is tall. *literal translation: “height is tall”)
    【for physical …continue reading